Barn Spider

Neoscona crucifera


Photo of a spotted orbweaver or barn spider, Neoscona crucifera, with black background
Spotted orbweaver or "barn spider," Neoscona crucifera
MDC Staff
Other Common Name
Spotted Orbweaver; Hentz's Orbweaver

Araneidae (typical orb weavers) in the order Araneae (spiders)


A widespread species, the barn spider commonly builds its webs in woods and on the eaves of barns, houses, and similar structures. It is one of the common members of Missouri's spotted orbweavers (in genus Neoscona). The different species can be difficult to distinguish. Neoscona species are spiny-legged spiders that all tend to have camouflage patterns, and they all make characteristic, delicate, wheel-shaped webs to catch prey.

As with most other spiders, it is the female that builds webs. Males are smaller and rarely seen, unless they are visiting females. The female dismantles her web at dawn each morning by eating it. She hides in cracks and corners by day, and she spins a new large, round web at dusk. They often build webs near dusk-to-dawn lights, where they profit from the many flying insects the light attracts.

Learn more about this and other spotted orbweavers on their group page.


Photo of a barn spider, or spotted orbweaver, hiding in a corner
Spotted Orbweaver (Barn Spider)
A female spotted orbweaver, or “barn spider” (Neoscona crucifera), hiding in a corner by day.

This species is sometimes called Hentz's orbweaver or Hentz orbweaver, because for a long time it was classified as Neoscona hentzii.

Human connections

Most people are not keen on having spiders around their homes, or of walking right into them on hiking trails. But remember that spiders do us a wonderful service of free, nontoxic pest control, all summer long.