General Species Information

Common Facts and Details

Learn about Missouri's common plants, animals, and mushrooms. 

In This Section

Aquatic Invertebrate Facts

Missouri is home to thousands of kinds of animals without backbones that live in the water. Learn about our crayfish, clams, snails, leeches and aquatic insects.

Amphibian and Reptile Facts

You know them as frogs, toads, snakes, turtles and lizards. Get acquainted with all of Missouri's fascinating herptiles, including 43 amphibians and 75 species and subspecies of reptiles.

Bird Facts

More than 390 birds are known to occur in Missouri. Learn which species live here year-round and which visit or pass through annually.

Butterfly and Moth Facts

Learn about Missouri's beautiful and important butterflies and moths.

Fish Facts

More than 200 kinds of fish occur in Missouri. Learn how Missouri's different kinds of fish are adapted to different kinds of habitat.

Insect, Spider and Kin Facts

These animals (along with crabs, shrimp, crayfish and others) are arthropods—invertebrates with jointed legs. Learn about Missouri's most common arthropods here.

Mammal Facts

Nearly 70 species of wild mammals live in Missouri. Use this page to get acquainted with the mammals you're most likely to see in your neighborhood or at a conservation area.

Mushroom Facts

Mushrooms look a lot like plants, but they lack chlorophyll and have to take nutrients from other materials. Learn about Missouri's more common mushrooms here.

Tree, Shrub, and Vine Facts

Often, there are no sharp dividing lines between trees, shrubs and woody vines, and between woody and nonwoody plants. Learn how to identify Missouri's most common plants. 

Wildflower and Grass Facts

Learn about Missouri's wildflowers and grasses and tips for identifying them.

Be Bear Aware

Follow these guidelines to Be Bear Aware – stay safe in bear country, and keep our bears wild. 

Don't Adopt Wildlife

Wild animals don't make good pets, and it is illegal to possess many wild animals without a valid state or federal permit. If you encounter young wildlife, leave it where you find it.