Striped Shiner

Luxilus chrysocephalus

striped_shiner.jpg

Image of a striped shiner
Joseph R. Tomelleri. Used with permission.
Family

Cyprinidae (minnows) in the order Cypriniformes (carps, minnows and loaches)

Description

A rather large, deep-bodied minnow with large, silvery scales on sides. Back is olive-green with a broad dark stripe along the midline. Dusky pigment is found on the chin.

Often hybridizes with bleeding, duskystripe and rosyface shiners since all share the spawning nests of the hornyhead chub. Closely related to the common shiner that is similar in appearance and ecology but has a more northern distribution.

Size

Total length: 3 to 5 inches; maximum about 7 inches.

Habitat and conservation

Clear, permanent-flowing streams with clean gravelly or rocky bottoms. Prefers relatively warm and quiet water, and is less tolerant of turbidity than its close relative, the common shiner.

Foods

Insects, fish, crustaceans, plant material, algae and bottom ooze.

image of Striped Shiner distribution map
Distribution in Missouri

Mostly south of the Missouri River.

Status

Nongame