Striped Shiner

Luxilus chrysocephalus

Central_Striped_Shiner_Luxilus_chrysocephalus_Spawning_Male_6-9-13.jpg

Striped shiner male in spawning colors, side view photo with black background
Striped shiner, Luxilus chrysocephalus, male in spawning coloration
Lance Merry
Family

Cyprinidae (minnows) in the order Cypriniformes (carps, minnows, and loaches)

Description

The striped shiner is a rather large, deep-bodied minnow with large, silvery scales on the sides. The back is olive green with a broad dark stripe along the midline. The chin is darkened by a dusky pigment.

Striped shiners often hybridize with bleeding, duskystripe, and rosyface shiners since all share the spawning nests of the hornyhead chub; the offspring will share characteristics of both parents, making them more challenging to identify. The striped shiner is closely related to the common shiner, which is similar in appearance and ecology but has a more northern distribution.

Size

Total length: 3 to 5 inches; maximum about 7 inches.

Habitat and conservation

Occurs in clear, permanent-flowing streams with clean gravelly or rocky bottoms. It prefers relatively warm and quiet water, and it is less tolerant of turbidity than its close relative the common shiner.

Foods

Insects, fish, crustaceans, plant material, algae, and bottom ooze.

image of Striped Shiner distribution map
Distribution in Missouri

Occurs mostly south of the Missouri River.

Status

Nongame fish.