Slender False Foxglove

Agalinis tenuifolia (formerly Gerardia tenuifolia)
Other Common Name
Common Gerardia; Slender Gerardia

Orobanchaceae (broomrapes); formerly Scrophulariaceae (figworts)


A much-branched, bushy annual, with wiry branches, the main stem with narrow ridges. Flowers single on pedicels arising from leaf axils, light magenta to rose-purple (sometimes white), funnel-shaped with a short tube, 5 distinct lobes having finely fringed margins, and darker purple spots in the throat. The upper lip arches over the 4 hairy stamens. Blooms August-October. Leaves opposite, linear, to 3 inches long and 1/8 inch wide; upper leaves have smaller leaflets growing from axils. Fruit rounded capsules containing many seeds.

Similar species: Eight other species of Agalinis occur in Missouri. Of these, rough-stemmed gerardia (A. gattingeri) is fairly widespread in all but the northwest and extreme southeast parts of Missouri. It grows in acidic soils in dry, open woods and glade borders. Its foliage is yellowish-green, its leaves only about 1 inch long and the flowers pink.


Height: to 2 feet.

Slender False Foxglove-20190909-1010.jpg

Pale purple flowers on spindly stems. Long narrow leaves grow opposite on the stems.
Slender False Foxglove in Camden, MO
Habitat and conservation

Occurs in dry or moist, open woods, ledges of bluffs, prairies, wet depressions, swampy meadows, borders of streams, ponds, and ditches, open ground, and wet thickets.

image of Common Gerardia Slender Gerardia; Slender False Foxglove distribution map
Distribution in Missouri

Scattered statewide.


This plant used to be a member of the figwort family (Scrophulariaceae), but recent DNA studies have shown that the former members of that large family should be split into several separate families. Most members of the newly reorganized broomrape family (Orobanchaceae) used to be considered "scrophs," and this plant is one example. Older guidebooks and references reflect the previous taxonomy.

Human connections

This showy native wildflower is an annual that will reseed itself in the home garden.

Ecosystem connections

Like many other members of the broomrape family, this species apparently derives some of its nutrients by connecting its roots to those of nearby plants and parasitizing them. Bees pollinate the flowers, and the buckeye butterfly uses this as a larval host plant.