Photo of several big bluestem seed heads against a blue sky.

    Grasses

    All true grasses (species in the grass family).
    Photo of several grayhead prairie coneflowers with sky in background

    Gray-Headed Coneflower

    Ratibida pinnata
    Photo of hairy rose mallow flower

    Hairy Rose Mallow

    Hibiscus lasiocarpos
    Photo of hairy vetch flower clusters and leaves

    Hairy Vetch

    Vicia villosa
    Photo of hedge parsley flower clusters

    Hedge Parsley

    Torilis arvensis
    Photo of henbit plants with flowers

    Henbit

    Lamium amplexicaule
    fork and knife icon

    Edible

    Photo of hoary puccoon closeup of flower cluster

    Hoary Puccoon (Orange Puccoon)

    Lithospermum canescens
    Photo of hogwort plant showing upper stem leaves and flowers.

    Hogwort (Woolly Croton)

    Croton capitatus
    Photo of horseweed flowers

    Horseweed (Canada Fleabane, Hog Weed)

    Conyza canadensis (formerly Erigeron canadensis)
    Photo of Indian hemp plant

    Indian Hemp (Dogbane)

    Apocynum cannabinum
    Poisonous Icon

    Poisonous

    Photo of Indian strawberry plant with flower

    Indian Strawberry (Mock Strawberry)

    Duchesnea indica (syn. Potentilla indica)
    invasive icon

    Invasive

    Image of Johnny-jump-up.

    Johnny-Jump-Up (Field Pansy)

    Viola bicolor
    fork and knife icon

    Edible

    Photo of Johnson grass flower clusters

    Johnson Grass

    Sorghum halepense
    invasive icon

    Invasive

    Photo of Korean lespedeza plant with flowers

    Korean Lespedeza (Korean Clover)

    Kummerowia stipulacea (formerly Lespedeza stipulacea)
    Photo of a huge mass of kudzu vines covering trees and ground

    Kudzu

    Pueraria montana
    fork and knife icon

    Edible

    invasive icon

    Invasive

    Photo of a large-flowered gaura inflorescence

    Large-Flowered Gaura

    Oenothera filiformis (formerly Gaura longiflora, G. biennis)
    Photo of whorled milkweed flowers.

    Milkweeds

    Subfamily Asclepiadoideae
    Photo of Missouri evening primrose flower with river in distance

    Missouri Evening Primrose

    Oenothera macrocarpa (formerly O. missouriensis)
    Photo of mist flower or wild ageratum plants with flowers

    Mist Flower (Wild Ageratum; Blue Boneset)

    Conoclinium coelestinum (formerly Eupatorium coelestinum)
    Photo of moth mullein flowers

    Moth Mullein

    Verbascum blattaria
    Photo of mullein basal leaves

    Mullein

    Verbascum thapsus
    Photo of narrow-leaved vervain plants in bloom.

    Narrow-Leaved Vervain

    Verbena simplex
    Photo of New England aster plants with flowers

    New England Aster

    Symphyotrichum novae-angliae (formerly Aster novae-angliae)
    Photo of northern fog fruit flowering head

    Northern Fog Fruit

    Lippia lanceolata (formerly Phyla lanceolata)
    Photo of oblong-leaved aster showing masses of purple flowerheads

    Oblong-Leaved Aster (Aromatic Aster)

    Symphyotrichum oblongifolium (formerly Aster oblongifolius)
    Photo of Ohio horsemint inflorescence

    Ohio Horsemint

    Blephilia ciliata
    fork and knife icon

    Edible

    Photo of pale purple coneflower showing white pollen among disk florets

    Pale Purple Coneflower

    Echinacea pallida
    Photo of perennial or summer phlox flower cluster.

    Perennial Phlox

    Phlox paniculata
    Photo of Miami mist flowers

    Phacelia (Miami Mist)

    Phacelia purshii
    No photo available

    Philadelphia Fleabane

    Erigeron philadelphicus
    Photo of dense stand of prairie blazing star or gayfeather at Pawnee Prairie

    Prairie Blazing Star (Gayfeather)

    Liatris pycnostachya
    fork and knife icon

    Edible

    Photo of purple cliff brake growing from a rock crevice, with a hand propping up one of the fronds

    Purple Cliff Brake

    Pellaea atropurpurea
    Purple Coneflower

    Purple Coneflower

    Echinacea purpurea
    Photo of purple loosestrife flowering stalks showing purple flowers

    Purple Loosestrife

    Lythrum salicaria
    invasive icon

    Invasive

    Photo of pussytoes showing fuzzy white flowering heads

    Pussytoes (Indian Tobacco)

    Antennaria parlinii
    Photo of a Queen Anne's lace flower cluster, seen from the top
    Photo of rose verbena, or rose vervain, flower cluster showing leaves

    Rose Verbena (Rose Vervain)

    Glandularia canadensis (formerly Verbena canadensis)
    Photo of royal catchfly flowers

    Royal Catchfly

    Silene regia
    Photo of sawtooth sunflower flowerhead.

    Sawtooth Sunflower

    Helianthus grosseserratus
    Photo of scarlet pimpernel flower and plant

    Scarlet Pimpernel (Poor Man’s Weatherglass)

    Anagallis arvensis (Lysamachia arvensis)
    Photo of eastern woodland sedge plant growing among leaf litter.

    Sedges

    Carex, Schoenoplectus, Scirpus, and other genera
    Photo of self-heal flower head

    Self-Heal (Heal-All)

    Prunella vulgaris
    fork and knife icon

    Edible

    Photo of showy evening primrose plant with flowers

    Showy Evening Primrose

    Oenothera speciosa
    Photo of showy partridge pea showing flowers, buds, and leaves.

    Showy Partridge Pea

    Chamaecrista fasciculata (formerly Cassia fasciculata)
    Photo of slender bush clover flowers

    Slender Bush Clover

    Lespedeza virginica
    Photo of small bluet flower showing purplish center

    Small Bluet (Tiny Bluet)

    Houstonia pusilla (H. minima; Hedyotis crassifolia)
    Photo of southern wild senna showing a flower cluster and a few leaflets.

    Southern Wild Senna

    Senna marilandica (formerly Cassia marilandica)

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