Photo of a bracken fern leaf against a background of forest-floor leaf litter

    Bracken

    Pteridium aquilinum
    Photo of a broad beech fern

    Broad Beech Fern

    Phegopteris hexagonoptera
    Photo of Christmas fern leaves lying against fallen oak leaves

    Christmas Fern

    Polystichum acrostichoides
    Photo of hairy lip fern

    Hairy Lip Fern

    Myriopteris lanosa (syn. Cheilanthes lanosa)
    Photo of purple cliff brake growing from a rock crevice, with a hand propping up one of the fronds

    Purple Cliff Brake

    Pellaea atropurpurea
    Photo of a rattlesnake fern growing above leaf litter in a woodland

    Rattlesnake Fern

    Botrypus virginianus (syn. Botrychium virginianum)
    Photo of smooth cliff brake showing leaves and leaflets

    Smooth Cliff Brake

    Pellaea glabella