Photo of American feverfew flower cluster.

    American Feverfew

    Parthenium integrifolium
    Photo of beaked hawkweed flowers.

    Beaked Hawkweed

    Hieracium gronovii
    Photo of black mustard flower cluster

    Black Mustard

    Brassica nigra
    fork and knife icon

    Edible

    Photo of buffalo bur flower and leaves.

    Buffalo Bur (Kansas Thistle)

    Solanum rostratum
    Poisonous Icon

    Poisonous

    Photo of Carolina false dandelion flowerhead.

    Carolina False Dandelion

    Pyrrhopappus carolinianus
    fork and knife icon

    Edible

    Photo of common violet

    Common Violet

    Viola sororia
    fork and knife icon

    Edible

    Photo of common water hemlock or spotted cowbane flowers

    Common Water Hemlock

    Cicuta maculata
    Poisonous Icon

    Poisonous

    Photo of English plantain flowers

    English Plantain

    Plantago lanceolata
    Photo of false garlic flowers

    False Garlic

    Nothoscordum bivalve
    Photo of flowering spurge flowers

    Flowering Spurge

    Euphorbia corollata
    Poisonous Icon

    Poisonous

    Photo of several big bluestem seed heads against a blue sky.

    Grasses

    All true grasses (species in the grass family).
    Photo of a clump of hydrilla held in a hand

    Hydrilla

    Hydrilla verticillata
    invasive icon

    Invasive

    Photo of leafy spurge seed heads

    Leafy Spurge

    Euphorbia esula
    Poisonous Icon

    Poisonous

    invasive icon

    Invasive

    Photo of whorled milkweed flowers.

    Milkweeds

    Subfamily Asclepiadoideae
    Photo of mullein basal leaves

    Mullein

    Verbascum thapsus
    Photo of a musk thistle blooming flower head.

    Musk Thistle (Nodding Thistle)

    Carduus nutans
    invasive icon

    Invasive

    Photo of path rush, closeup showing drying fruits.

    Rushes

    Juncus spp. and Luzula spp.
    Photo of eastern woodland sedge plant growing among leaf litter.

    Sedges

    Carex, Schoenoplectus, Scirpus, and other genera
    Photo of shepherd’s purse plant and flowers

    Shepherd's Purse

    Capsella bursa-pastoris
    fork and knife icon

    Edible

    Photo of a spatterdock flower held against a leaf

    Spatterdock (Yellow Pond Lily)

    Nuphar advena (formerly N. lutea)
    fork and knife icon

    Edible

    Photo of cut-leaved teasel showing flowerhead and joined, cuplike leaves.

    Teasels

    Dipsacus fullonum and D. laciniatus
    invasive icon

    Invasive

    Photo of viper’s bugloss, closeup of flower

    Viper's Bugloss

    Echium vulgare
    Photo of white avens flower and upper stem leaves.
    Photo of yellow star grass plant with flowers

    Yellow Star Grass

    Hypoxis hirsuta