Photo of autumn sneezeweed flowerheads, closeup.

    Autumn Sneezeweed

    Helenium autumnale
    Photo of black mustard flower cluster

    Black Mustard

    Brassica nigra
    fork and knife icon

    Edible

    Photo of bushy clump of brown-eyed Susan plants.

    Brown-Eyed Susan

    Rudbeckia triloba
    Photo of buffalo bur flower and leaves.

    Buffalo Bur (Kansas Thistle)

    Solanum rostratum
    Poisonous Icon

    Poisonous

    Photo of Carolina false dandelion flowerhead.

    Carolina False Dandelion

    Pyrrhopappus carolinianus
    fork and knife icon

    Edible

    Photo of common evening primrose, closeup of flowers.

    Common Evening Primrose

    Oenothera biennis
    fork and knife icon

    Edible

    Photo of common violet

    Common Violet

    Viola sororia
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    Edible

    Photo of common water hemlock or spotted cowbane flowers

    Common Water Hemlock

    Cicuta maculata
    Poisonous Icon

    Poisonous

    Photo of elephant's foot closeup of flowers

    Elephant’s Foot

    Elephantopus carolinianus
    Photo of false garlic flowers

    False Garlic

    Nothoscordum bivalve
    Photo of several big bluestem seed heads against a blue sky.

    Grasses

    All true grasses (species in the grass family).
    Photo of hedge parsley flower clusters

    Hedge Parsley

    Torilis arvensis
    Photo of a clump of hydrilla held in a hand

    Hydrilla

    Hydrilla verticillata
    invasive icon

    Invasive

    Photo of a large-flowered gaura inflorescence

    Large-Flowered Gaura

    Oenothera filiformis (formerly Gaura longiflora, G. biennis)
    Photo of midwestern arrowhead male flowers and buds.

    Midwestern Arrowhead

    Sagittaria brevirostra
    fork and knife icon

    Edible

    Photo of whorled milkweed flowers.

    Milkweeds

    Subfamily Asclepiadoideae
    Photo of moth mullein flowers

    Moth Mullein

    Verbascum blattaria
    Photo of mullein basal leaves

    Mullein

    Verbascum thapsus
    Photo of pale Indian plantain flower clusters.

    Pale Indian Plantain

    Arnoglossum atriplicifolium (also Cacalia atriplicifolia)
    Photo of a prairie dock flowerhead

    Prairie Dock (Prairie Rosinweed)

    Silphium terebinthinaceum
    Photo of purple-headed sneezeweed flowerhead showing round, purplish disk.

    Purple-Headed Sneezeweed

    Helenium flexuosum
    Photo of a Queen Anne's lace flower cluster, seen from the top
    Photo of path rush, closeup showing drying fruits.

    Rushes

    Juncus spp. and Luzula spp.
    Photo of eastern woodland sedge plant growing among leaf litter.

    Sedges

    Carex, Schoenoplectus, Scirpus, and other genera
    Photo of a spatterdock flower held against a leaf

    Spatterdock (Yellow Pond Lily)

    Nuphar advena (formerly N. lutea)
    fork and knife icon

    Edible

    Photo of a starry campion flower
    Photo of many blooming ashy sunflower plants, showing gray-green leaves.

    Sunflowers

    Helianthus spp.
    Photo of tall thistle plants with flowers

    Tall Thistle

    Cirsium altissimum
    fork and knife icon

    Edible

    Photo of cut-leaved teasel showing flowerhead and joined, cuplike leaves.

    Teasels

    Dipsacus fullonum and D. laciniatus
    invasive icon

    Invasive

    Photo of viper’s bugloss, closeup of flower

    Viper's Bugloss

    Echium vulgare
    Photo of water milfoil plants along the shore of a pond

    Water Milfoils

    Myriophyllum spp.
    Photo of white avens flower and upper stem leaves.
    Photo of white heath aster flowers

    White Heath Aster

    Symphyotrichum pilosum (formerly Aster pilosus)