Photo of common water hemlock or spotted cowbane flowers

    Common Water Hemlock

    Cicuta maculata
    Poisonous Icon

    Poisonous

    Photo of several big bluestem seed heads against a blue sky.

    Grasses

    All true grasses (species in the grass family).
    Photo of a clump of hydrilla held in a hand

    Hydrilla

    Hydrilla verticillata
    invasive icon

    Invasive

    Photo of a large-flowered gaura inflorescence

    Large-Flowered Gaura

    Oenothera filiformis (formerly Gaura longiflora, G. biennis)
    Photo of midwestern arrowhead male flowers and buds.

    Midwestern Arrowhead

    Sagittaria brevirostra
    fork and knife icon

    Edible

    Photo of whorled milkweed flowers.

    Milkweeds

    Subfamily Asclepiadoideae
    Photo of ox-eye daisies in a grassy field

    Ox-Eye Daisy

    Leucanthemum vulgare (formerly Chrysanthemum leucanthemum)
    Photo of pale Indian plantain flower clusters.

    Pale Indian Plantain

    Arnoglossum atriplicifolium (also Cacalia atriplicifolia)
    No photo available

    Philadelphia Fleabane

    Erigeron philadelphicus
    Photo of pussytoes showing fuzzy white flowering heads

    Pussytoes (Indian Tobacco)

    Antennaria parlinii
    Photo of a Queen Anne's lace flower cluster, seen from the top
    Photo of path rush, closeup showing drying fruits.

    Rushes

    Juncus spp. and Luzula spp.
    Photo of eastern woodland sedge plant growing among leaf litter.

    Sedges

    Carex, Schoenoplectus, Scirpus, and other genera
    Photo of southern blue flag iris plants with flowers

    Southern Blue Flag (Virginia Iris)

    Iris virginica
    Poisonous Icon

    Poisonous

    Photo of spring beauty plants and flowers

    Spring Beauty

    Claytonia virginica
    fork and knife icon

    Edible

    Photo of spring cress flower clusters

    Spring Cress (Bitter Cress)

    Cardamine bulbosa
    fork and knife icon

    Edible

    Photo of star of Bethlehem cluster of plants with flowers

    Star of Bethlehem

    Ornithogalum umbellatum
    Poisonous Icon

    Poisonous

    Photo of a starry campion flower
    Photo of white anemone

    White Anemone (Windflower)

    Anemone canadensis
    Photo of white avens flower and upper stem leaves.
    Photo of white heath aster flowers

    White Heath Aster

    Symphyotrichum pilosum (formerly Aster pilosus)