Photo of American germander flowers

    American Germander

    Teucrium canadense
    Photo of American water willow closeup on flowers

    American Water Willow

    Justicia americana
    Photo of beefsteak plant showing upper leaves and flower cluster

    Beefsteak Plant

    Perilla frutescens
    fork and knife icon

    Edible

    Photo of blue vervain flower clusters in a prairie

    Blue Vervain

    Verbena hastata
    Photo of blue-eyed Mary flowers

    Blue-Eyed Mary

    Collinsia verna
    Photo of Chinese yam showing leaves and bulbils

    Chinese Yam

    Dioscorea oppositifolia (sometimes called D. batatas)
    invasive icon

    Invasive

    Photo of climbing milkweed flowers and leaves.

    Climbing Milkweed

    Matelea decipiens
    Photo of tall thoroughwort plant with flowers

    Common Boneset (Thoroughwort)

    Eupatorium perfoliatum
    Photo of common horse gentian stalk showing opposite, perfoliate leaves.

    Common Horse Gentian

    Triosteum perfoliatum
    Photo of common milkweed flower cluster

    Common Milkweed

    Asclepias syriaca
    Photo of corn salad plant flower clusters showing arrangement of buds.

    Corn Salad

    Valerianella radiata
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    Edible

    Photo of false dragonhead plant with flowers

    False Dragonhead (Obedient Plant)

    Physostegia virginiana
    Photo of fire pink flowers

    Fire Pink

    Silene virginica
    Photo of a giant ragweed plant.

    Giant Ragweed

    Ambrosia trifida
    Photo of several big bluestem seed heads against a blue sky.

    Grasses

    All true grasses (species in the grass family).
    Photo of Indian hemp plant

    Indian Hemp (Dogbane)

    Apocynum cannabinum
    Poisonous Icon

    Poisonous

    Photo of Jack-in-the-pulpit plant showing foliage and flowering structure

    Jack-in-the-Pulpit

    Arisaema triphyllum
    Poisonous Icon

    Poisonous

    Photo of the upper portions of two Jerusalem artichoke plants.

    Jerusalem Artichoke (Sunflower Artichoke)

    Helianthus tuberosus
    fork and knife icon

    Edible

    Photo of lance-leaved loosestrife plant with flowers

    Lance-Leaved Loosestrife

    Lysimachia lanceolata
    Photo of whorled milkweed flowers.

    Milkweeds

    Subfamily Asclepiadoideae
    Photo of mist flower or wild ageratum plants with flowers

    Mist Flower (Wild Ageratum; Blue Boneset)

    Conoclinium coelestinum (formerly Eupatorium coelestinum)
    Photo of northern fog fruit flowering head

    Northern Fog Fruit

    Lippia lanceolata (formerly Phyla lanceolata)
    Photo of Ohio horsemint inflorescence

    Ohio Horsemint

    Blephilia ciliata
    fork and knife icon

    Edible

    Photo of perennial or summer phlox flower cluster.

    Perennial Phlox

    Phlox paniculata
    Photo of purple loosestrife flowering stalks showing purple flowers

    Purple Loosestrife

    Lythrum salicaria
    invasive icon

    Invasive

    Photo of self-heal flower head

    Self-Heal (Heal-All)

    Prunella vulgaris
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    Edible

    Photo of common gerardia plant with flowers

    Slender False Foxglove

    Agalinis tenuifolia (formerly Gerardia tenuifolia)
    Photo of slender mountain mint flowers

    Slender Mountain Mint

    Pycnanthemum tenuifolium
    fork and knife icon

    Edible

    Photo of swamp milkweed, three plants with flower clusters.

    Swamp Milkweed

    Asclepias incarnata
    Photo of a tall thoroughwort plant in bloom.
    Photo of water milfoil plants along the shore of a pond

    Water Milfoils

    Myriophyllum spp.
    Photo of white snakeroot leaves and flowers

    White Snakeroot

    Ageratina altissima (formerly Eupatorium rugosum)
    Poisonous Icon

    Poisonous

    Photo of wild geranium plant with flowers
    Photo of wild ginger flower

    Wild Ginger

    Asarum canadense
    fork and knife icon

    Edible

    Photo of winged loosestrife plants and flowers

    Winged Loosestrife

    Lythrum alatum
    Photo of wood spurge flowers.

    Wood Spurge

    Euphorbia commutata