Photo of common violet

    Common Violet

    Viola sororia
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    Edible

    Photo of common water hemlock or spotted cowbane flowers

    Common Water Hemlock

    Cicuta maculata
    Poisonous Icon

    Poisonous

    Photo of several big bluestem seed heads against a blue sky.

    Grasses

    All true grasses (species in the grass family).
    Photo of whorled milkweed flowers.

    Milkweeds

    Subfamily Asclepiadoideae
    Photo of path rush, closeup showing drying fruits.

    Rushes

    Juncus spp. and Luzula spp.
    Photo of eastern woodland sedge plant growing among leaf litter.

    Sedges

    Carex, Schoenoplectus, Scirpus, and other genera
    Photo of white avens flower and upper stem leaves.