Photo of beefsteak plant showing upper leaves and flower cluster

    Beefsteak Plant

    Perilla frutescens
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    Edible

    Photo of blue vervain flower clusters in a prairie

    Blue Vervain

    Verbena hastata
    Photo of Chinese yam showing leaves and bulbils

    Chinese Yam

    Dioscorea oppositifolia (sometimes called D. batatas)
    invasive icon

    Invasive

    Photo of climbing false buckwheat vines, leaves, and flowers.

    Climbing False Buckwheat (Crested Buckwheat)

    Fallopia scandens (formerly Polygonum scandens)
    Photo of tall thoroughwort plant with flowers

    Common Boneset (Thoroughwort)

    Eupatorium perfoliatum
    Photo of common violet

    Common Violet

    Viola sororia
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    Edible

    Photo of common water hemlock or spotted cowbane flowers

    Common Water Hemlock

    Cicuta maculata
    Poisonous Icon

    Poisonous

    Photo of elephant's foot closeup of flowers

    Elephant’s Foot

    Elephantopus carolinianus
    Photo of false dragonhead plant with flowers

    False Dragonhead (Obedient Plant)

    Physostegia virginiana
    Photo of false garlic flowers

    False Garlic

    Nothoscordum bivalve
    Photo of Florida lettuce flower closeup with syrphid fly

    Florida Lettuce (Woodland Lettuce)

    Lactuca floridana
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    Edible

    Photo of tall goldenrod plant with flowers

    Goldenrods

    Solidago spp. (23 species in Missouri)
    Photo of several big bluestem seed heads against a blue sky.

    Grasses

    All true grasses (species in the grass family).
    Photo of hairy rose mallow flower

    Hairy Rose Mallow

    Hibiscus lasiocarpos
    Photo of hedge bindweed flowers

    Hedge Bindweed

    Calystegia sepium (also Convolvulus sepium)
    Photo of horse nettle flowers and leaves

    Horse Nettle

    Solanum carolinense
    Poisonous Icon

    Poisonous

    Photo of horseweed flowers

    Horseweed (Canada Fleabane, Hog Weed)

    Conyza canadensis (formerly Erigeron canadensis)
    Photo of a large-flowered gaura inflorescence

    Large-Flowered Gaura

    Oenothera filiformis (formerly Gaura longiflora, G. biennis)
    Photo of whorled milkweed flowers.

    Milkweeds

    Subfamily Asclepiadoideae
    Photo of mist flower or wild ageratum plants with flowers

    Mist Flower (Wild Ageratum; Blue Boneset)

    Conoclinium coelestinum (formerly Eupatorium coelestinum)
    Photo of northern fog fruit flowering head

    Northern Fog Fruit

    Lippia lanceolata (formerly Phyla lanceolata)
    Photo of pale Indian plantain flower clusters.

    Pale Indian Plantain

    Arnoglossum atriplicifolium (also Cacalia atriplicifolia)
    Photo of perennial or summer phlox flower cluster.

    Perennial Phlox

    Phlox paniculata
    Photo of pokeweed plant with dangling stalks of ripe and unripe berries.

    Pokeweed

    Phytolacca americana
    Poisonous Icon

    Poisonous

    Photo of dense stand of prairie blazing star or gayfeather at Pawnee Prairie

    Prairie Blazing Star (Gayfeather)

    Liatris pycnostachya
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    Edible

    Photo of path rush, closeup showing drying fruits.

    Rushes

    Juncus spp. and Luzula spp.
    Photo of eastern woodland sedge plant growing among leaf litter.

    Sedges

    Carex, Schoenoplectus, Scirpus, and other genera
    Photo of a starry campion flower
    Photo of tall thistle plants with flowers

    Tall Thistle

    Cirsium altissimum
    fork and knife icon

    Edible

    Photo of a tall thoroughwort plant in bloom.
    Photo of viper’s bugloss, closeup of flower

    Viper's Bugloss

    Echium vulgare
    Photo of white avens flower and upper stem leaves.
    Photo of white crownbeard plant with flowers

    White Crownbeard

    Verbesina virginica
    Photo of white heath aster flowers

    White Heath Aster

    Symphyotrichum pilosum (formerly Aster pilosus)
    Photo of white snakeroot leaves and flowers

    White Snakeroot

    Ageratina altissima (formerly Eupatorium rugosum)
    Poisonous Icon

    Poisonous