Photo of American water willow closeup on flowers

    American Water Willow

    Justicia americana
    Photo of beefsteak plant showing upper leaves and flower cluster

    Beefsteak Plant

    Perilla frutescens
    fork and knife icon

    Edible

    Photo of blue vervain flower clusters in a prairie

    Blue Vervain

    Verbena hastata
    Photo of blue-eyed Mary flowers

    Blue-Eyed Mary

    Collinsia verna
    Photo of Chinese yam showing leaves and bulbils

    Chinese Yam

    Dioscorea oppositifolia (sometimes called D. batatas)
    invasive icon

    Invasive

    Photo of tall thoroughwort plant with flowers

    Common Boneset (Thoroughwort)

    Eupatorium perfoliatum
    Photo of corn salad plant flower clusters showing arrangement of buds.

    Corn Salad

    Valerianella radiata
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    Edible

    Photo of dead nettle stalk with flowers

    Dead Nettle

    Lamium purpureum
    Deptfort pink blooming in an open area

    Deptford Pink

    Dianthus armeria
    Photo of false dragonhead plant with flowers

    False Dragonhead (Obedient Plant)

    Physostegia virginiana
    Photo of flowering spurge flowers

    Flowering Spurge

    Euphorbia corollata
    Poisonous Icon

    Poisonous

    Photo of foxglove beardtongue flowers

    Foxglove Beardtongue

    Penstemon digitalis
    Photo of several big bluestem seed heads against a blue sky.

    Grasses

    All true grasses (species in the grass family).
    Photo of Indian hemp plant

    Indian Hemp (Dogbane)

    Apocynum cannabinum
    Poisonous Icon

    Poisonous

    Photo of whorled milkweed flowers.

    Milkweeds

    Subfamily Asclepiadoideae
    Photo of mist flower or wild ageratum plants with flowers

    Mist Flower (Wild Ageratum; Blue Boneset)

    Conoclinium coelestinum (formerly Eupatorium coelestinum)
    Photo of narrow-leaved vervain plants in bloom.

    Narrow-Leaved Vervain

    Verbena simplex
    Photo of northern fog fruit flowering head

    Northern Fog Fruit

    Lippia lanceolata (formerly Phyla lanceolata)
    Photo of leaf cup flower

    Pale-Flowered Leaf Cup

    Polymnia canadensis
    Photo of purple loosestrife flowering stalks showing purple flowers

    Purple Loosestrife

    Lythrum salicaria
    invasive icon

    Invasive

    Photo of a rose gentian flower, closeup

    Rose Gentian (Rose Pink)

    Sabatia angularis
    Photo of rose verbena, or rose vervain, flower cluster showing leaves

    Rose Verbena (Rose Vervain)

    Glandularia canadensis (formerly Verbena canadensis)
    Photo of scarlet pimpernel flower and plant

    Scarlet Pimpernel (Poor Man’s Weatherglass)

    Anagallis arvensis (Lysamachia arvensis)
    Photo of common gerardia plant with flowers

    Slender False Foxglove

    Agalinis tenuifolia (formerly Gerardia tenuifolia)
    Photo of slender mountain mint flowers

    Slender Mountain Mint

    Pycnanthemum tenuifolium
    fork and knife icon

    Edible

    Photo of small bluet flower showing purplish center

    Small Bluet (Tiny Bluet)

    Houstonia pusilla (H. minima; Hedyotis crassifolia)
    Photo of soapwort plants and flowers

    Soapwort (Bouncing Bet)

    Saponaria officinalis
    Poisonous Icon

    Poisonous

    Photo of swamp milkweed, three plants with flower clusters.

    Swamp Milkweed

    Asclepias incarnata
    Photo of a tall thoroughwort plant in bloom.
    Photo of white snakeroot leaves and flowers

    White Snakeroot

    Ageratina altissima (formerly Eupatorium rugosum)
    Poisonous Icon

    Poisonous