Indian Strawberry (Mock Strawberry)

Duchesnea indica (sometimes called Potentilla indica)


Photo of Indian strawberry plant with flower
Julianna Schroeder

Rosaceae (roses)


A weedy, ground-hugging plant that roots from runners. Flowers solitary, arising from leafy joints along the stems, with 5 leafy bracts at the base of the flower that are toothed and larger than the sepals. Petals 5, yellow. Blooms April-June. Leaves compound with 3 parts; leaflets coarsely toothed, each with its own small stalk; leaves and stems sparsely hairy. Fruits resemble miniature strawberries, but they are not juicy and lack flavor.

Similar species: Wild strawberry (Fragaria virginiana) is similar but has white petals and fruit that is delicious.


Flowering height: to about 2½ inches; stem length: to more than 1 foot.

Habitat and conservation

Open areas in woods, prairies, and fields. Commonly found in urban, suburban,and disturbed areas. This plant is native to eastern and southern Asia, which is reflected in its species name “indica” (“from India”). It was introduced to the United States as an ornamental and now has become a weed. Some states consider it invasive.

image of Indian Strawberry Mock Strawberry Distribution Map
Distribution in Missouri



Weedy; invasive in some places. Also called “mock strawberry” and “Indian mock strawberry.” Historically, common names of plants often used the word “Indian” to mean “false” or “mock,” and (though the usage is biased) that meaning could fit, since this is not a true strawberry (in the genus Fragaria). However, the species name “indica” means “of India,” and that fits, too, since this plant was first known from the Indian subcontinent.

Human connections

Weeds that grow in lawns can be annoying, and they support an entire industry of chemical lawn-treatment specialists. However, lawn weeds can also be appreciated for the color and variety they provide. This plant was originally introduced as an ornamental.

Ecosystem connections

A line is crossed when introduced plants move into wild areas and threaten to outcompete native plants, which are the rightful heirs of the territory they grow upon. This plant is invasive in many locations across America.