Flowering dogwood is a beautiful shrub to small tree with a straggling, spreading crown. Missouri’s official state tree, it presents lovely boughs of white inflorescences in springtime forests.
Leaves are opposite, simple, egg-shaped, 3–5 inches long, dark green, with slightly wavy edges.
Bark is dark gray to brown with thin, squarish plates.
Twigs are flexible, slender, reddish-gray to purplish, or greenish with red dots, hairy, with flower buds terminal. Leaf buds are compressed and oval.
Flowers are small, in inflorescences (flower clusters) of 25–30, surrounded by 4 large, white (sometimes pink) petal-like bracts, and appear in early spring before the leaves. Bracts are 1¼–2½ inches long and are notched at the tip. Blooms mid-April to mid-May.
Fruits are scarlet, egg-shaped berries (drupes), ½ inch long, in clusters of 2–6, appearing August–November.
Similar species: Missouri has 5 species in the genus Cornus. Flowering dogwood is identified by its combination of opposite leaves, dense flowerheads with 4 showy bracts, and oval red fruits.