White Bass

Morone chrysops

white_bass_05-03-12.jpg

Image of white bass
Joseph R. Tomelleri. Used with permission.
Family

Moronidae (temperate basses) in the order Perciformes (perch-like fishes)

Description

Silvery, spiny-rayed elongated fish with several dark horizontal streaks along the sides. Back is blue-gray with silvery reflections. Sides are silvery with a faint blue-green tinge and several horizontal olive-gray streaks. Upper surface of the tongue usually has a single, heart-shaped patch of teeth.  One of only two species of sea bass (yellow bass are the other) native to Missouri . One of the most important game fish in Missouri’s large impoundments. Most closely related to yellow and striped bass game fish.

Hybrids between the striped bass and white bass are stocked by the Missouri Department of Conservation in many impoundments around the state. These fish superficially resemble white bass but have 2 patches of teeth on the tongue very close together or else a single distinct tooth patch. Hybrids also achieve a larger size than white bass, exceeding a weight of 5 pounds.

 

Size

Total length: 9-15 inches; weight: 1/4 to 1 1/4 pounds; maximum about 17 1/2 inches and 2 3/4 pounds.

Habitat and conservation

Inhabit the deeper pools of streams and the open waters of lakes and reservoirs. Most active at dawn and dusk. Hybrids of the white bass and the non-native striped bass have been stocked in several Missouri reservoirs to help control populations of gizzard shad.

Foods

Carnivorous, feeding primarily on fish, but also on aquatic insects and crustaceans.

image of White Bass distribution map
Distribution in Missouri

Occurs in the Mississippi River and its principal tributaries; also in most large Ozark reservoirs (due to introductions) and in the Missouri River.

Status

A game fish.

Life cycle

Individuals can live about 4 years.